Unlock AI Agent's Real Power: Long-Term Memory & Self-Improving Capabilities

Unlock the power of AI agents with long-term memory and self-improving capabilities. Learn how to build agents that remember user preferences, update workflows, and continuously learn - for enhanced user experience and agent performance.

July 14, 2024


Unlock the true power of AI agents with long-term memory and self-improvement capabilities. Discover how you can build agents that learn from past interactions, remember user preferences, and continuously evolve to deliver exceptional performance. This blog post explores cutting-edge techniques to revolutionize your AI-powered applications.

How to Build Long-Term Memory for AI Agents

One key aspect that can significantly improve the user experience of AI agents is the ability to learn and retain information over time, known as long-term memory. Here's how you can implement long-term memory for your AI agents:

  1. Knowledge Extraction and Storage: Implement a "knowledge agent" that analyzes the conversations between the user and the main agent. This knowledge agent can identify and extract relevant information that should be stored for future use, such as user preferences, task details, and problem-solving strategies. The extracted knowledge can then be stored in a vector database for efficient retrieval.

  2. Retrieval and Context Enrichment: When the user interacts with the agent again, the agent can quickly search the vector database to retrieve relevant knowledge and append it to the user's current query. This allows the agent to provide more personalized and contextual responses, taking into account the user's past interactions.

  3. Optimization and Efficiency: To minimize latency and optimize costs, you can implement various optimizations, such as using cheaper and faster models to quickly check if there's any relevant information that requires retrieval, and moving infrequently used knowledge to a cold storage.

  4. Continuous Learning: Adopt a "continuously learning" approach, where the agent can learn and update its own system prompts and workflows based on user feedback and interactions. This allows the agent to continuously improve its performance and adapt to new scenarios.

  5. Memory Management: Implement sophisticated memory management techniques, such as prioritizing and pruning knowledge based on usage patterns, to ensure the agent's memory remains efficient and relevant over time.

By incorporating these long-term memory capabilities, your AI agents can provide a more seamless and personalized user experience, remembering user preferences, learning from past interactions, and continuously improving their performance.

The Importance of Long-Term Memory for AI Agents

One key question that is often asked is whether AI agents can get better and better over time by learning from their past mistakes and interactions. The answer is that, by default, most of the AI agents we build today are "dataless", meaning there is no real difference between the agent running for the first time versus the 100th time, as it has zero memory of what has happened in previous sessions.

This can lead to a poor user experience, as the agent may forget preferences or instructions that the user has provided before. It also makes it challenging to train agents on specific standard procedures for different types of tasks, as the agent has to be given the same instructions repeatedly.

To address this, we can introduce long-term memory and learning capabilities to AI agents. This allows them to remember user preferences, update their own workflows and prompts, and continuously learn and improve over time, much like how humans learn new skills and knowledge.

By implementing a "knowledge agent" that can summarize and extract relevant information from conversations, store it in a vector database, and retrieve it for future interactions, we can create AI agents that have a persistent memory and can adapt to the user's needs. This can lead to significantly better user experiences and the ability to handle a growing number of skills and tasks.

Additionally, more advanced techniques like the "Continuously Learning Language Agent" (CLLA) project demonstrate how AI agents can be placed in simulated environments to continuously learn about the world by interacting with it, abstracting general learnings, and applying them to new tasks and environments.

Incorporating long-term memory and learning capabilities is a crucial step in developing AI agents that can truly evolve and improve over time, much like humans do. This is an important area of research and development that will shape the future of AI-powered applications.

Implementing Long-Term Memory with Teachable Agents

In this section, we will explore how to implement long-term memory into your AI agents using the Teachable Agents feature in the Autogpt framework. This approach allows your agents to learn from past interactions and remember user preferences, enabling more personalized and contextual responses.

To get started, we'll first install the teachable library and set up the necessary configuration files. Then, we'll create a TeachableAgent and add the Teachability ability to it, which will handle the long-term memory functionality.

The key steps are:

  1. Install the teachable library: pip install teachable
  2. Create an app.py file and import the required libraries:
    1from autogpt.agent import Agent 2from autogpt.abilities.teachability import Teachability 3import os 4from dotenv import load_dotenv 5from autogpt.config import Config
  3. Load the environment variables and the language model configuration:
    1load_dotenv() 2cfg = Config()
  4. Create a TeachableAgent and add the Teachability ability:
    1agent = Agent( 2 model_name=cfg.model_name, 3 temperature=cfg.temperature, 4 max_tokens=cfg.max_tokens, 5 top_p=cfg.top_p, 6 top_k=cfg.top_k, 7 num_completions=cfg.num_completions, 8 presence_penalty=cfg.presence_penalty, 9 frequency_penalty=cfg.frequency_penalty, 10) 11 12teachability = Teachability(reset_db=False) 13agent.add_ability(teachability)
  5. Create a user proxy agent and start the conversation:
    1user_proxy = agent.create_user_proxy() 2user_proxy.chat("Jason, I don't eat fish.") 3user_proxy.chat("Can you give me a meal plan for the next week?")

In this example, the Teachability ability is added to the TeachableAgent, which allows the agent to learn from the user's preferences and remember them for future interactions. When the user mentions that they don't eat fish, the agent stores this information in a local vector database. In the subsequent conversation, when the user asks for a meal plan, the agent retrieves the stored preference and generates a plan without any fish dishes.

The Teachability class handles the long-term memory functionality, including the storage and retrieval of user-specific information. It uses a text analyzer agent to determine if the user's messages contain any information that should be stored or retrieved.

By implementing long-term memory in your AI agents, you can create more personalized and contextual experiences for your users, leading to improved user satisfaction and engagement.


The ability to build AI agents with long-term memory and the capacity to learn from past interactions is a powerful and fascinating concept. By implementing techniques like the ones discussed, AI agents can evolve and improve over time, delivering increasingly personalized and effective experiences for users.

The key aspects highlighted include:

  • Overcoming the challenge of agents forgetting user preferences and past context with each new interaction.
  • Developing a "knowledge agent" that can analyze conversations, extract relevant information, and store it for future retrieval.
  • Leveraging vector databases and efficient retrieval mechanisms to enable fast access to the agent's growing knowledge base.
  • Exploring self-evolving agent systems that can continuously learn by interacting with simulated environments.
  • Showcasing real-world examples like the Gamma platform, which demonstrates seamless human-AI collaboration.

By implementing long-term memory and learning capabilities, AI agents can become more adaptive, personalized, and valuable to users over time. This represents an important step in the evolution of AI-powered applications and services, paving the way for more intelligent and engaging user experiences.